Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

M. Miller, S. P. Hinshaw

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental syndrome originating in childhood, affecting 5-10% of young persons. Males are more commonly affected than females. Symptoms include developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity. Individuals with ADHD exhibit significant levels of impairment throughout the lifespan, with comorbidities common. Heritability is substantial; several environmental and genetic risk factors have been identified, which are likely to interact synergistically in shaping onset, course, and outcome. Fronto-striatal brain circuits are strongly implicated. Effective interventions include stimulant medications and behavioral approaches, with comorbidities often requiring additional interventions. Long-term maintenance of treatment gains is a continuing challenge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9780123851574
ISBN (Print)9780123851581
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


  • ADHD
  • Attention
  • Behavioral intervention
  • Childhood
  • Fronto-striatal circuitry
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impairment
  • Impulsivity
  • Inattention
  • Multimodal treatment
  • Stimulant medication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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