Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Meghan Miller, S. P. Hinshaw

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental syndrome originating in childhood, affecting 5-10% of young persons. Males are more commonly affected than females. Symptoms include developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity. Individuals with ADHD exhibit significant levels of impairment throughout the lifespan, with comorbidities common. Heritability is substantial; several environmental and genetic risk factors have been identified, which are likely to interact synergistically in shaping onset, course, and outcome. Fronto-striatal brain circuits are strongly implicated. Effective interventions include stimulant medications and behavioral approaches, with comorbidities often requiring additional interventions. Long-term maintenance of treatment gains is a continuing challenge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages320-322
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9780123851574
ISBN (Print)9780123851581
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Comorbidity
Corpus Striatum
Impulsive Behavior
Brain
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Attention
  • Behavioral intervention
  • Childhood
  • Fronto-striatal circuitry
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impairment
  • Impulsivity
  • Inattention
  • Multimodal treatment
  • Stimulant medication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Miller, M., & Hinshaw, S. P. (2014). Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences (pp. 320-322). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385157-4.00431-0

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). / Miller, Meghan; Hinshaw, S. P.

Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences. Elsevier Inc., 2014. p. 320-322.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Miller, M & Hinshaw, SP 2014, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). in Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences. Elsevier Inc., pp. 320-322. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385157-4.00431-0
Miller M, Hinshaw SP. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences. Elsevier Inc. 2014. p. 320-322 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385157-4.00431-0
Miller, Meghan ; Hinshaw, S. P. / Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences. Elsevier Inc., 2014. pp. 320-322
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