Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Meghan Miller, S. P. Hinshaw

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent, highly heritable, and impairing disorder characterized by cross-situationally displayed, developmentally inappropriate levels of inattentive-disorganized and/or hyperactive-impulsive behavior. Etiologically, interactions among biological and environmental factors are implicated. Although preliminary efforts are underway to identify preschool-aged manifestations of ADHD, early diagnosis is made difficult by developmentally typical high levels of ADHD symptoms at young ages. Instead, children are often identified as they enter formal schooling. Evaluation for ADHD should include direct observation, informant ratings, interviews with caregivers, and assessment for comorbidities. Prevention strategies are currently limited; stimulant medication and behavioral strategies are the most effective interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Mental Health
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages116-123
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780123970459
ISBN (Print)9780123977533
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Attention
  • Childhood
  • Development
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impulsivity
  • Inattention
  • Intervention
  • Prevention
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Miller, M., & Hinshaw, S. P. (2015). Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. In Encyclopedia of Mental Health: Second Edition (pp. 116-123). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-397045-9.00229-9