ATAD2B is a phylogenetically conserved nuclear protein expressed during neuronal differentiation and tumorigenesis

Nathaniel T. Leachman, Florence Brellier, Jacqueline Ferralli, Ruth Chiquet-Ehrismann, Richard P Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

ATAD2 is an E2F target gene that is highly expressed in gastrointestinal and breast carcinomas. Here we characterize a related gene product, ATAD2B. Both genes are evolutionarily conserved, with orthologues present in all eukaryotic genomes examined. Human ATAD2B shows a high degree of similarity to ATAD2. Both contain an AAA domain and a bromodomain with amino acid sequences sharing 97% and 74% identity, respectively. The expression of ATAD2B was studied in the chicken embryo using a polyclonal antibody raised against a recombinant fragment of human ATAD2B. Immunohistochemistry revealed transient nuclear expression in subpopulations of developing neurons. The transient nature of the expression was confirmed by immunoblotting homogenates of the developing telencephalon. Cell fractionation was used to confirm the nuclear localization of ATAD2B in the developing nervous system: anti-ATAD2B recognizes a smaller band (approximately 160 kDa) in the nuclear fraction and a larger band (approximately 300 kDa) in the membrane fraction, suggesting that posttranslational processing of ATAD2B may regulate its transport to the nucleus. The expression of ATAD2B was also studied in human tumors. Oncomine and immunohistochemistry reveal ATAD2B expression in glioblastoma and oligodendroglioma; ATAD2B immunostaining was also elevated in human breast carcinoma. In tumors ATAD2B appears to be cytoplasmic or membrane bound, and not nuclear. Our observations suggest that ATAD2B may play a role in neuronal differentiation and tumor progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)747-755
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopment Growth and Differentiation
Volume52
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • AAA
  • ATAD2
  • Bromodomain
  • Cancer
  • Yta7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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