Associations of proinflammatory cytokine levels with lipid profiles, growth, and body composition in HIV-infected children initiating or changing antiretroviral therapy

Joseph S. Cervia, Caroline J Chantry, Michael D. Hughes, Carmelita Alvero, William A. Meyer, Janice Hodge, Peggy Borum, Jack Moye, Stephen A. Spector

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations


Objectives: To measure proinflammatory cytokines (PIC) in HIV-infected children beginning or changing antiretroviral therapy (ART), evaluating associations with virologic, immunologic, serum lipid, growth, and body composition measures, markers of growth hormone action and glucose metabolism. Methods: Forty-nine prepubertal HIV-infected children had measurements of viral load (VL), CD4 lymphocyte count and percentage, serum lipids, apolipoprotein AI/B, IGF-1, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3, anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance analysis, TNF-α, IL-1 β, and IL-6 at baseline and 48 weeks of ART. Results: Baseline levels were detectable (>0.1 pg/mL) for IL-1 β in 28 of 48, and for TNF-α and Il-6 in all 49 children. TNF-α decreased with ART (P < 0.001) and IL-6 demonstrated a similar trend (P = 0.065). Children with 48-week VL <400 copies/mL had greater declines in TNF-α (mean 45%) than subjects with higher VL (5%; P = 0.009). Each 10% improvement in CD4% was associated with 26% lower TNF-α (P = 0.002) and 31% lower IL-6 (P = 0.016). Greater reductions in TNF-α were associated with lower total/HDL cholesterol ratio (P = 0.003) at week 48. Conclusions: In HIV-infected children initiating or changing ART, PIC were detectable at baseline and decreased over 48 weeks. Better immunologic responses were associated with greater reductions in TNF-α and IL-6. Reductions in TNF-α were associated with improved total/HDL cholesterol ratio.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1118-1122
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2010



  • antiretroviral therapy
  • children
  • HIV
  • lipid profile
  • proinflammatory cytokines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)

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