The radioprotector WR-1065 (N-(2-mercaptoethyl)-1,3-diaminopropane) has been shown to be the active moiety involved in protecting mammalian cells from the cytotoxic and mutagenic effects of ionizing radiation after administration of WR-1065 or the phosphorylated form, WR-2721. Initial experiments demonstrated that, in our hands, WR-1065 protects Chinese hamster AA8 cells from killing by (a) mechanism(s) other than induction of hypoxia. AA8 cells were then incubated in the presence of [14C]WR-1065 to determine whether association of WR-1065 in vivo was random or targeted to the nucleus or the nuclear matrix. The kinetics of incorporation of labeled material showed rapid incorporation for the first 30 min and little, if any, additional incorporation over the next 2.5 h. Examination of nuclei and nucleoids generated from the AA8 cells indicated that approximately 10% of the drug was localized in the nucleus and the drug that remained was not dislodged with repeated washes of the filters. Association kinetics of the drug with nuclei and nucleoids indicated that there was little increase in drug association with time, suggesting that there may be a limited number of strong association sites in the nucleus, but these sites are either with DNA or with matrix proteins. Exposure of the AA8 cells to 6 Gy of 60Co γ rays did not significantly alter the association of the drug with AA8 cells. Incubating AA8 cells in [14C]WR-1065 for 30 min and then incubating in drug-free medium indicated that nearly all of the drug was lost from cells within the first 5 min of incubation in drug-free medium. The low level of tightly bound matrix-associated label may be important in generating alterations in matrix organization that have been observed previously in this laboratory.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging