Association of low serum calcium concentration after calving with productive and reproductive performance in multiparous Jersey cows

Ainhoa Valldecabres, Noelia Silva-del-Río

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Consequences of postpartum low blood calcium (Ca) concentration are still under study and literature describing this condition in Jersey cows is scarce. A prospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the association of low serum Ca concentration shortly after calving with milk and energy-corrected milk yields, somatic cell count linear score, and pregnancy to first service and within 150 d in milk in multiparous Jersey cows from 2 commercial herds. Blood samples for serum Ca determination were collected on average at 3 h 10 min postpartum from 352 multiparous Jersey cows. Productive data up to the 10th monthly test were obtained from the Dairy Herd Improvement Association and reproductive data were obtained from herd records. Multiple linear, log-binomial, and Cox's proportional hazards regressions were used to evaluate the association of low serum Ca concentration with productive and reproductive outcomes. Serum Ca concentration ≤2.18 mmol/L was associated with 1.43 and 1.85 kg/d more milk and energy-corrected milk. However, lower serum Ca concentrations were associated with a 0.28-unit-higher somatic cell count linear score per monthly test (Ca ≤2.00 mmol/L), and decreased pregnancy risk at first service (risk ratio = 0.64; Ca ≤1.94 mmol/L) and hazard of pregnancy within 150 d in milk (hazard ratio = 0.40; Ca ≤1.90 mmol/L). The present study is based on a convenience sample of multiparous Jersey cows from 2 commercial herds; further research including more herds and additional blood Ca determinations is needed to describe postpartum blood Ca dynamics and its association with productive and reproductive outcomes for the Jersey breed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11983-11994
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume104
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • calcium
  • Jersey cow
  • milk production
  • reproduction
  • subclinical hypocalcemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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