Objective This study was conducted to determine whether there is additive benefit of dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid [ASA]) and clopidogrel compared with ASA monotherapy among patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease. Methods This was an observational cohort analysis that included 629 patients with claudication or critical limb ischemia. The prevalence of patients taking ASA monotherapy vs DAPT was assessed monthly for up to 3 years. A propensity model was constructed to adjust for baseline demographic characteristics and to assess the effect of DAPT on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and major adverse limb events. Results At baseline, 348 patients were taking DAPT and 281 were taking ASA monotherapy. During 3 years of follow-up, 50 events (20%) occurred in the DAPT group vs 59 (29%) in the ASA monotherapy group. After propensity weighting, DAPT use was associated with a decreased risk of MACEs (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.65; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.44-0.96) and overall mortality (adjusted HR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.35-0.89). No association was found between DAPT use and the risk of major amputation (adjusted HR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.37-1.29). In a subgroup of 94 patients who underwent point-of-care platelet function testing, 21% had decreased response to ASA and 55% had a decreased response to clopidogrel. No association was found between a reduced response to ASA or clopidogrel and adverse events at 1 year. Conclusions DAPT may be associated with reduced rates of MACEs and death among patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine