Association between firearm ownership, firearm-related risk and risk reduction behaviours and alcohol-related risk behaviours

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alcohol use and firearm ownership are risk factors for violent injury and death. To determine whether firearm ownership and specific firearm-related behaviours are associated with alcohol-related risk behaviours, the author conducted a cross-sectional study using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for eight states in the USA from 1996 to 1997 (the most recent data available). Altogether, 15 474 respondents provided information on firearm exposure. After adjustment for demographics and state of residence, firearm owners were more likely than those with no firearms at home to have ≥ 5 drinks on one occasion (OR 1.32; 95% CI 1.16 to 1.50), to drink and drive (OR 1.79; 95% CI 1.34 to 2.39) and to have ≥60 drinks per month (OR 1.45; 95% CI 1.14 to 1.83). Heavy alcohol use was most common among firearm owners who also engaged in behaviours such as carrying a firearm for protection against other people and keeping a firearm at home that was both loaded and not locked away. The author concludes that firearm ownership and specific firearm-related behaviours are associated with alcohol-related risk behaviours.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-427
Number of pages6
JournalInjury Prevention
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

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Ownership
Firearms
Risk Reduction Behavior
Risk-Taking
Alcohols
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Association between firearm ownership, firearm-related risk and risk reduction behaviours and alcohol-related risk behaviours",
abstract = "Alcohol use and firearm ownership are risk factors for violent injury and death. To determine whether firearm ownership and specific firearm-related behaviours are associated with alcohol-related risk behaviours, the author conducted a cross-sectional study using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for eight states in the USA from 1996 to 1997 (the most recent data available). Altogether, 15 474 respondents provided information on firearm exposure. After adjustment for demographics and state of residence, firearm owners were more likely than those with no firearms at home to have ≥ 5 drinks on one occasion (OR 1.32; 95{\%} CI 1.16 to 1.50), to drink and drive (OR 1.79; 95{\%} CI 1.34 to 2.39) and to have ≥60 drinks per month (OR 1.45; 95{\%} CI 1.14 to 1.83). Heavy alcohol use was most common among firearm owners who also engaged in behaviours such as carrying a firearm for protection against other people and keeping a firearm at home that was both loaded and not locked away. The author concludes that firearm ownership and specific firearm-related behaviours are associated with alcohol-related risk behaviours.",
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