Association between Connecticut's permit-to-purchase handgun law and homicides

Kara Rudolph, Elizabeth A. Stuart, Jon S. Vernick, Daniel W. Webster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. We sought to estimate the effect of Connecticut's implementation of a handgun permit-to-purchase law in October 1995 on subsequent homicides. Methods. Using the synthetic control method, we compared Connecticut's homicide rates after the law's implementation to rates we would have expected had the law not been implemented. To estimate the counterfactual, we used longitudinal data from a weighted combination of comparison states identified based on the ability of their prelaw homicide trends and covariates to predict prelaw homicide trends in Connecticut. Results. We estimated that the law was associated with a 40% reduction in Connecticut's firearm homicide rates during the first 10 years that the law was in place. By contrast, there was no evidence for a reduction in nonfirearm homicides. Conclusions. Consistent with prior research, this study demonstrated that Connecticut's handgun permit-to-purchase law was associated with a subsequent reduction in homicide rates. As would be expected if the law drove the reduction, the policy's effects were only evident for homicides committed with firearms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e49-e54
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume105
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Homicide
Licensure
Firearms
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Association between Connecticut's permit-to-purchase handgun law and homicides. / Rudolph, Kara; Stuart, Elizabeth A.; Vernick, Jon S.; Webster, Daniel W.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 105, No. 8, 01.01.2015, p. e49-e54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rudolph, Kara ; Stuart, Elizabeth A. ; Vernick, Jon S. ; Webster, Daniel W. / Association between Connecticut's permit-to-purchase handgun law and homicides. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2015 ; Vol. 105, No. 8. pp. e49-e54.
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