Assessment of 18F gaseous releases during the production of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose

J. H. Kleck, Stanley H Benedict, J. S. Cook, R. L. Birdsall, N. Satyamurthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Fluorodeoxyglucose labeled with 18F (18F-FDG) is the most commonly used radiopharmaceutical in positron emission tomography (PET). Fluorine-18-labeled FDG is used as a diagnostic tool in PET studies to monitor the physiology of the brain, diagnose heart function and disease, and to image cancerous tumors. At the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), three cyclotrons produce [18F]-fluoride ion using 18O-enriched water targets. Fluorine-18, which has a half-life of 109.8 min, is produced using an 18O (p, n)18F reaction and is chemically processed to yield 18F-FDG. This study presents data which demonstrate that during the radiochemical processes involved in the production of 18F-FDG, gaseous effluent containing 18F is released. Forty cyclotron production runs with average end of cyclotron bombardment activities of 15.9 ± 1.88 GBq (430 ± 50.8 mCi) and end of radiochemical synthesis activities of 5.40 ± 1.27 GBq (146 ± 34.3 mCi) yield 18F gaseous effluent releases ranging from 0 to 2560 MBq (0 to 69.2 mCi) with a mean of 437 MBq (11.8 mCi). Temporal correlation of the 18F gaseous releases during 18F-FDG radiochemical production has tied the 18F release to the addition of the glucose precursor (mannotriflate) and ethyl ether in the radiochemical processing. The results are presented in terms of activities released and dilution factors required from the release stack point to maintain controlled (occupational) and uncontrolled (public) area limits in accordance with the recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection and the regulatory requirements of the federal government.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)657-660
Number of pages4
JournalHealth Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Toxicology
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of <sup>18</sup>F gaseous releases during the production of <sup>18</sup>F-fluorodeoxyglucose'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this