Assessment of protein and amino acid concentrations and labeling adequacy of commercial vegetarian diets formulated for dogs and cats

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective-To determine measured crude protein (CP) and amino acid (AA) concentrationsand assess labeling adequacy of vegetarian diets formulated for dogs and cats.Design-Cross-sectional study.Sample-13 dry and 11 canned vegetarian diets for dogs and cats.Procedures-Concentrations of CP and AAs were determined for each diet. Values werecompared with the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) Dog andCat Food Nutrient Profiles. Product labels were assessed for compliance with AAFCOregulations.Results-CP concentration (dry-matter basis) ranged from 19.2% to 40.3% (median,29.8%). Minimum CP concentrations for the specified species and life stage were met by23 diets; the remaining diet passed appropriate AAFCO feeding trials. Six diets did not meetall AA minimums, compared with the AAFCO nutrient profiles. Of these 6 diets, 1 wasbelow AAFCO minimum requirements in 4 AAs (leucine, methionine, methionine-cystine,and taurine), 2 were below in 3 AAs (methionine, methionine-cystine, and taurine), 2 werebelow in 2 AAs (lysine and tryptophan), and 1 wasbelow in 1 AA (tryptophan). Only 3 and 8diets (with and without a statement of calorie content as a requirement, respectively) werecompliant with all pet food label regulations established by the AAFCO.Conclusion and Clinical Relevance-Most diets assessed in this study were not compliantwith AAFCO labeling regulations, and there were concerns regarding adequacy of AAcontent. Manufacturers should ensure regulatory compliance and nutritional adequacy ofall diets, and pets fed commercially available vegetarian diets should be monitored and assessedroutinely.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-392
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume247
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 3 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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