Assessment of organoleptic postmortem inspection techniques for bovine offal

F. A. Uzal, S. J. More, B. Dobrenov, W. R. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate organoleptic postmortem inspec-tion techniques for bovine livers and kidneys. Study design: At Australian export abattoirs, bovine liver and kidneys are assessed and graded by qualified meat inspectors during normal operations. Over a 12-month period at a large abattoir in eastern Australia during 1997 and 1998, a sample of these organs was reassessed independently using a range of pathological and microbiological methods. Agreement between routine inspection and independent assessment was evaluated using methods of inter-rater agreement. Results: A total of 944 livers and 1374 kidneys were included in the study. All of these organs had been classified during routine inspection. The authors examined 363 livers and 329 kidneys both grossly and histologically, including 36 livers and 14 kidneys that were also subjected to microbiological examination. All other organs were only examined grossly. There was only a moderate level of agreement between the routine and independent assessment methods. For livers, the percentage agreement was 80.2%, McNemar's test of symmetry 55.2 (3 degrees of freedom, P < 0.001) and kappa 0.63. For kidneys, the percentage agreement was 67.8%, McNemar's test of symmetry 9.9 (1df, P = 0.002) and kappa 0.35. Conclusions: The results reinforce concerns from a number of authors about organoleptic postmortem inspection. Risk assessment methodologies offer the opportunity to modify inspection techniques in a manner that is most relevant to current public health concerns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-74
Number of pages5
JournalAustralian Veterinary Journal
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of organoleptic postmortem inspection techniques for bovine offal'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this