Assessment of dioxin-like soil contamination in Mexico by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

E. García-Nieto, M. Nichkova, L. Yáñez, R. Costilla-Salazar, A. Torres-Dosal, S. J. Gee, B. D. Hammock, L. Juárez-Santacruz, F. Díaz-Barriga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In this work, we describe the results of a preliminary soil assessment program for the detection of dioxins at different sites in Mexico performed by immunoassay. We studied five different sectors considered relevant sources of dioxins: Anaversa and Tekchem industrial areas where organochlorine pesticides were manufactured and released by accidental explosions, secondary smelters, brick kilns, and rural dwellings. In the context of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) guidelines, only the brick kilns sites can be considered as low-risk areas. The dioxin concentrations detected in the vicinity of the Anaversa and Tekchem chemical plants and secondary smelters exceed the screening level of 0.05 ppb set by the ATSDR, and therefore further site-specific studies are needed. The dioxin levels found in all soot samples from indigenous dwellings where wood is used for indoor cooking were above the evaluation level. Considering that the studied areas are representative examples of dioxin sources in less developed countries, our work demonstrates the useful application of dioxin immunoassays as a tool for dioxin screening for environmental assessment programs in developing countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)918-926
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution
  • Toxicology


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