Asian Americans and cancer clinical trials: A mixed-methods approach to understanding awareness and experience

Debora A Paterniti, Moon S Chen, Christine Chiechi, Laurel A Beckett, Nora Horan, Corinne Turrell, Ligaya Smith, Claudia Morain, Lisa Montell, Jose Luis Gonzalez, Sharon Davis, Primo N Lara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cancer clinical trials have been based on low accrual rates. Barriers to recruitment of minority populations affect the generalizability and impact of trial findings for those populations. The authors undertook a mixed-methods approach to understanding levels of awareness and experiences with cancer clinical trials. A survey was administered to new cancer patients and their caretakers (family, close friends, or other social support) at outpatient oncology clinics. Field observations of the trial accrual process also were conducted by employing the grounded theory approach in qualitative methods. Comparison of survey results for Asian-American respondents and non-Asian respondents indicated that Asians were less likely to have heard the term "clinical trial" and were more likely to define a clinical trial as "an experiment" or "a test procedure in a clinic" than non-Asians. Asians were more likely to have employer-based insurance and to report understanding issues related to cost reimbursement. Asians were less likely to have been involved in or to know someone in a trial and reported less willingness than white respondents to consider trial participation. Qualitative observations suggested that Asians who presented for a potential trial were interested in the availability of a novel cancer therapy but were not eligible for available trials. Multiple strategies will be necessary to enhance awareness of and experience with accrual to cancer clinical trials for Asians, including richer understanding and increased involvement of Asians in cancer clinical trials and greater attention to the location and diversity of the Asian population in structuring study centers and evaluating trial results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3015-3024
Number of pages10
JournalCancer
Volume104
Issue number12 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2005

Keywords

  • Accrual
  • Asian Americans
  • Clinical trials
  • Mixed-methods research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Asian Americans and cancer clinical trials: A mixed-methods approach to understanding awareness and experience'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this