Objectives: To evaluate the outcomes of primary artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) placement for the treatment of postprostatectomy stress urinary incontinence in patients aged 75 years or older at surgery. Methods: From September 1987 through June 2005, 33 men aged 75 years or older underwent AUS insertion for postprostatectomy stress urinary incontinence. Through retrospective chart review and personal/family interview, the patients' outcomes with regard to continence, complications, and the need to deactivate the AUS for medical or social reasons were determined. Results: Four patients were lost to follow-up and were excluded from the analysis. The mean patient age was 77.6 years (range 75 to 83). The average follow-up was 5.0 years (range 1 to 11). After AUS insertion, the mean pad use improved from 6.7 (range 3 to 10) to 0.8 (range 0 to 2) per day. Overall, 16 (55%) of 29 men reported no complications. AUS revision was necessary in 4 men (14%), and sphincter removal in 4 (14%). Six men (21%) required deactivation of the implant because of poor overall health an average of 47 months after placement. The "success" rate improved to 72% (21 of 29 men) when cuff deactivation without revision or removal was not considered a complication. Conclusions: In our study, elderly men did well after AUS placement for postprostatectomy stress urinary incontinence. The procedure should not be withheld solely on the basis of the age of the patient.
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