Are Fruit Juices Healthier Than Sugar-Sweetened Beverages? A Review

Alexandra Pepin, Kimber Stanhope, Pascal Imbeault

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Free sugars overconsumption is associated with an increased prevalence of risk factors for metabolic diseases such as the alteration of the blood lipid levels. Natural fruit juices have a free sugar composition quite similar to that of sugar-sweetened beverages. Thus, could fruit juice consumption lead to the same adverse effects on health as sweetened beverages? We attempted to answer this question by reviewing the available evidence on the health effects of both sugar-sweetened beverages and natural fruit juices. We determined that, despite the similarity of fruits juices to sugar-sweetened beverages in terms of free sugars content, it remains unclear whether they lead to the same metabolic consequences if consumed in equal dose. Important discrepancies between studies, such as type of fruit juice, dose, duration, study design, and measured outcomes, make it impossible to provide evidence-based public recommendations as to whether the consumption of fruit juices alters the blood lipid profile. More randomized controlled trials comparing the metabolic effects of fruit juice and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption are needed to shape accurate public health guidelines on the variety and quantity of free sugars in our diet that would help to prevent the development of obesity and related health problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2 2019

Fingerprint

Beverages
fruit juices
beverages
sugars
blood lipids
Health
Lipids
Metabolic Diseases
metabolic diseases
dosage
Fruit and Vegetable Juices
sugar content
public health
obesity
risk factors
Randomized Controlled Trials
Public Health
Obesity
experimental design
adverse effects

Keywords

  • dyslipidemia
  • free sugars
  • fructose
  • fruit juices
  • high-fructose corn syrup
  • sugar-sweetened beverages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Are Fruit Juices Healthier Than Sugar-Sweetened Beverages? A Review. / Pepin, Alexandra; Stanhope, Kimber; Imbeault, Pascal.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 11, No. 5, 02.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Pepin, Alexandra ; Stanhope, Kimber ; Imbeault, Pascal. / Are Fruit Juices Healthier Than Sugar-Sweetened Beverages? A Review. In: Nutrients. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 5.
@article{596247845fa245d6abe3ab92c160ec7a,
title = "Are Fruit Juices Healthier Than Sugar-Sweetened Beverages? A Review",
abstract = "Free sugars overconsumption is associated with an increased prevalence of risk factors for metabolic diseases such as the alteration of the blood lipid levels. Natural fruit juices have a free sugar composition quite similar to that of sugar-sweetened beverages. Thus, could fruit juice consumption lead to the same adverse effects on health as sweetened beverages? We attempted to answer this question by reviewing the available evidence on the health effects of both sugar-sweetened beverages and natural fruit juices. We determined that, despite the similarity of fruits juices to sugar-sweetened beverages in terms of free sugars content, it remains unclear whether they lead to the same metabolic consequences if consumed in equal dose. Important discrepancies between studies, such as type of fruit juice, dose, duration, study design, and measured outcomes, make it impossible to provide evidence-based public recommendations as to whether the consumption of fruit juices alters the blood lipid profile. More randomized controlled trials comparing the metabolic effects of fruit juice and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption are needed to shape accurate public health guidelines on the variety and quantity of free sugars in our diet that would help to prevent the development of obesity and related health problems.",
keywords = "dyslipidemia, free sugars, fructose, fruit juices, high-fructose corn syrup, sugar-sweetened beverages",
author = "Alexandra Pepin and Kimber Stanhope and Pascal Imbeault",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "2",
doi = "10.3390/nu11051006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
journal = "Nutrients",
issn = "2072-6643",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are Fruit Juices Healthier Than Sugar-Sweetened Beverages? A Review

AU - Pepin, Alexandra

AU - Stanhope, Kimber

AU - Imbeault, Pascal

PY - 2019/5/2

Y1 - 2019/5/2

N2 - Free sugars overconsumption is associated with an increased prevalence of risk factors for metabolic diseases such as the alteration of the blood lipid levels. Natural fruit juices have a free sugar composition quite similar to that of sugar-sweetened beverages. Thus, could fruit juice consumption lead to the same adverse effects on health as sweetened beverages? We attempted to answer this question by reviewing the available evidence on the health effects of both sugar-sweetened beverages and natural fruit juices. We determined that, despite the similarity of fruits juices to sugar-sweetened beverages in terms of free sugars content, it remains unclear whether they lead to the same metabolic consequences if consumed in equal dose. Important discrepancies between studies, such as type of fruit juice, dose, duration, study design, and measured outcomes, make it impossible to provide evidence-based public recommendations as to whether the consumption of fruit juices alters the blood lipid profile. More randomized controlled trials comparing the metabolic effects of fruit juice and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption are needed to shape accurate public health guidelines on the variety and quantity of free sugars in our diet that would help to prevent the development of obesity and related health problems.

AB - Free sugars overconsumption is associated with an increased prevalence of risk factors for metabolic diseases such as the alteration of the blood lipid levels. Natural fruit juices have a free sugar composition quite similar to that of sugar-sweetened beverages. Thus, could fruit juice consumption lead to the same adverse effects on health as sweetened beverages? We attempted to answer this question by reviewing the available evidence on the health effects of both sugar-sweetened beverages and natural fruit juices. We determined that, despite the similarity of fruits juices to sugar-sweetened beverages in terms of free sugars content, it remains unclear whether they lead to the same metabolic consequences if consumed in equal dose. Important discrepancies between studies, such as type of fruit juice, dose, duration, study design, and measured outcomes, make it impossible to provide evidence-based public recommendations as to whether the consumption of fruit juices alters the blood lipid profile. More randomized controlled trials comparing the metabolic effects of fruit juice and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption are needed to shape accurate public health guidelines on the variety and quantity of free sugars in our diet that would help to prevent the development of obesity and related health problems.

KW - dyslipidemia

KW - free sugars

KW - fructose

KW - fruit juices

KW - high-fructose corn syrup

KW - sugar-sweetened beverages

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065654070&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065654070&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/nu11051006

DO - 10.3390/nu11051006

M3 - Review article

C2 - 31052523

AN - SCOPUS:85065654070

VL - 11

JO - Nutrients

JF - Nutrients

SN - 2072-6643

IS - 5

ER -