In experiments involving primates, e.g. before and after spaceflight, needle biopsies were thought to be a logical and feasible means of obtaining metabolic and morphological information from skeletal muscles. However, the feasibility of obtaining consistent, repeatable biopsies from individual muscles had to be demonstrated prior to the acceptance of this procedure. To study this approach, the architectural properties and the fiber type distributions at three levels and two regions along the proximo-distal axis of the soleus, medial gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior of adult rhesus monkeys were determined. In each muscle, biopsies were taken from specific regions where the fiber type distribution was determined. Within each region of each muscle, the fiber type populations were similar at the three levels studied. The percentage of fast or oxidative fibers in the biopsies and in the regions of the same muscle were highly correlated, i.e. r = 0.98 for both comparisons. In addition, based on normalized values (z scores), 25/26 and 22/26 biopsies were within the 95% confidence interval, i.e. the biopsies were a representative sample of the mean fiber type population of that region of the muscle. In all muscles, the mean fiber lengths were no more than one third the length of the muscle. Together, these data indicate the feasibility of obtaining independent, repeated biopsies having similar fiber types from each of the muscles studied.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1991|
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