Appropriate Crypt Formation in the Uterus for Embryo Homing and Implantation Requires Wnt5a-ROR Signaling

Jeeyeon Cha, Amanda Bartos, Craig Park, Xiaofei Sun, Yingju Li, Sang Wook Cha, Rieko Ajima, Hsin-Yi Henry Ho, Terry P. Yamaguchi, Sudhansu K. Dey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Embryo homing and implantation occur within a crypt (implantation chamber) at the antimesometrial (AM) pole along the uterus. The mechanism by which this is achieved is not known. Here, we show that villi-like epithelial projections from the main uterine lumen toward the AM pole at regularly spaced intervals that form crypts for embryo implantation were disrupted in mice with uterine loss or gain of function of Wnt5a, or loss of function of both Ror1 and Ror2. This disruption of Wnt5a-ROR signaling resulted in disorderly epithelial projections, crypt formation, embryo spacing, and impaired implantation. These early disturbances under abnormal Wnt5a-ROR signaling were reflected in adverse late pregnancy events, including defective decidualization and placentation, ultimately leading to compromised pregnancy outcomes. This study presents deeper insight regarding the formation of organized epithelial projections for crypt formation and embryo implantation for pregnancy success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)382-392
Number of pages11
JournalCell Reports
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 24 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Cha, J., Bartos, A., Park, C., Sun, X., Li, Y., Cha, S. W., Ajima, R., Ho, H-Y. H., Yamaguchi, T. P., & Dey, S. K. (2014). Appropriate Crypt Formation in the Uterus for Embryo Homing and Implantation Requires Wnt5a-ROR Signaling. Cell Reports, 8(2), 382-392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2014.06.027