Applications of metabolomics in agriculture

Richard A. Dixon, David R. Gang, Adrian J. Charlton, Oliver Fiehn, Harry A. Kuiper, Tracey L. Reynolds, Ronald S. Tjeerdema, Elizabeth H. Jeffery, J. Bruce German, William P. Ridley, James N. Seiber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

157 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biological systems are exceedingly complex. The unraveling of the genome in plants and humans revealed fewer than the anticipated number of genes. Therefore, other processes such as the regulation of gene expression, the action of gene products, and the metabolic networks resulting from catalytic proteins must make fundamental contributions to the remarkable diversity inherent in living systems. Metabolomics is a relatively new approach aimed at improved understanding of these metabolic networks and the subsequent biochemical composition of plants and other biological organisms. Analytical tools within metabolomics including mass spectrometry (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy can profile the impact of time, stress, nutritional status, and environmental perturbation on hundreds of metabolites simultaneously resulting in massive, complex data sets. This information, in combination with transcriptomics and proteomics, has the potential to generate a more complete picture of the composition of food and feed products, to optimize crop trait development, and to enhance diet and health. Selected presentations from an American Chemical Society symposium held in March 2005 have been assembled to highlight the emerging application of metabolomics in agriculture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8984-8994
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume54
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 29 2006

Keywords

  • Environmental safety
  • Food
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Metabolic pathways
  • Metabolomics
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance
  • Nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

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    Dixon, R. A., Gang, D. R., Charlton, A. J., Fiehn, O., Kuiper, H. A., Reynolds, T. L., Tjeerdema, R. S., Jeffery, E. H., German, J. B., Ridley, W. P., & Seiber, J. N. (2006). Applications of metabolomics in agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 54(24), 8984-8994. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061218t