Apparent multiple catalytic sites involved in the ester hydrolysis of juvenile hormones by the hemolymph and by an affinity-purified esterase from Manduca sexta johannson (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae)

Yehia A I Abdel-Aal, Bruce D. Hammock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The esterases which metabolize juvenile hormone (JH) in some insects may be important in regulating the hormone titer. The JH ester-hydrolyzing activity (JHE) in the larval hemolymph of the tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta) was found to be attributed to two forms of esterase with almost equivalent activity based on selectivity and kinetics of inhibition by two 3-substituted thio-1,1,1-trifluoropropan-2-ones and a phosphoramidothioate. Neither of the two forms were inhibited by diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate or iodoacetamide. Steady-state kinetics of JH II hydrolysis supported the inhibition studies and showed that the two forms were widely different in their affinity for JH II. The activity of the hemolymph was found to be bound selectively to an affinity column synthesized by the reaction of epoxy-activated Sepharose with 3-(4′-mercaptobutylthio)-1,1,1-trifluoropropan-2-one. This column offered a quantitative, one-step purification of JH esterase with a purification factor of ~800 and specific activity of ~573 nmol JH III hydrolyzed min-1 mg protein-1. The purified protein showed only a single band on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with a molecular weight of ~65,000. However, the purified enzyme apparently revealed the same two kinetic forms as the native enzyme, which indicates that two sites of the same protein are likely to be involved in JH hydrolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-219
Number of pages14
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume243
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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