APC and EB1 function together in mitosis to regulate spindle dynamics and chromosome alignment

Rebecca A. Green, Roy Wollman, Kenneth B. Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

174 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, we have shown that a cancer causing truncation in adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) (APC1-1450) dominantly interferes with mitotic spindle function, suggesting APC regulates microtubule dynamics during mitosis. Here, we examine the possibility that APC mutants interfere with the function of EB1, a plus-end microtubule-binding protein that interacts with APC and is required for normal microtubule dynamics. We show that siRNA-mediated inhibition of APC, EB1, or APC and EB1 together give rise to similar defects in mitotic spindles and chromosome alignment without arresting cells in mitosis; in contrast inhibition of CLIP170 or LIS1 cause distinct spindle defects and mitotic arrest. We show that APC1-1450 acts as a dominant negative by forming a hetero-oligomer with the full-length APC and preventing it from interacting with EB1, which is consistent with a functional relationship between APC and EB1. Live-imaging of mitotic cells expressing EB1-GFP demonstrates that APC1-1450 compromises the dynamics of EB1-comets, increasing the frequency of EB1-GFP pausing. Together these data provide novel insight into how APC may regulate mitotic spindle function and how errors in chromosome segregation are tolerated in tumor cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4609-4622
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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