Aortic valvular endocarditis caused by Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii in 2 dogs presenting for fulminant pulmonary edema

Sean D. Smarick, Karl Jandrey, Bruno B Chomel, William P. Thomas, Janet Aldrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To describe the clinical course of 2 dogs that presented with fulminant cardiogenic pulmonary edema due to aortic valvular endocarditis caused by Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii. Case series summary: Two dogs that were presented for respiratory distress had severe pulmonary infiltrates. Mechanical ventilation was required to support the dogs while the cause of the infiltrates was determined. The diagnosis of cardiogenic edema was made based on echocardiographic findings of aortic valve vegetation and severe aortic valvular regurgitation. Values obtained from pulmonary artery catheterization supported this diagnosis. Both dogs were euthanized, one within 24 hours of admission due to severe aortic regurgitation thought to be untreatable, and the other 9 days after admission due to the development of acute renal failure. Histological evaluation of the aortic valves, serology, and polymerase chain reaction confirmed Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii as the cause of the aortic endocarditis. New or unique information provided: In medium-to-large breed dogs presenting with fulminant pulmonary edema, aortic valvular endocarditis due to Bartonella spp. should be considered as a causal agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume14
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2004

Fingerprint

Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii
Bartonella
endocarditis
Pulmonary Edema
Endocarditis
edema
lungs
Dogs
dogs
Aortic Valve Insufficiency
Aortic Valve
Swan-Ganz Catheterization
pulmonary artery
renal failure
dog breeds
distress
disease course
catheters
Serology
Artificial Respiration

Keywords

  • Acute renal failure
  • Aortic valvular insufficiency
  • Pulmonary artery catheterization
  • Pulmonary infiltrates
  • Transesophageal echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Aortic valvular endocarditis caused by Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii in 2 dogs presenting for fulminant pulmonary edema. / Smarick, Sean D.; Jandrey, Karl; Chomel, Bruno B; Thomas, William P.; Aldrich, Janet.

In: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, Vol. 14, No. 1, 03.2004, p. 42-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9f710561144a49de9381bdb82e888a55,
title = "Aortic valvular endocarditis caused by Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii in 2 dogs presenting for fulminant pulmonary edema",
abstract = "Objective: To describe the clinical course of 2 dogs that presented with fulminant cardiogenic pulmonary edema due to aortic valvular endocarditis caused by Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii. Case series summary: Two dogs that were presented for respiratory distress had severe pulmonary infiltrates. Mechanical ventilation was required to support the dogs while the cause of the infiltrates was determined. The diagnosis of cardiogenic edema was made based on echocardiographic findings of aortic valve vegetation and severe aortic valvular regurgitation. Values obtained from pulmonary artery catheterization supported this diagnosis. Both dogs were euthanized, one within 24 hours of admission due to severe aortic regurgitation thought to be untreatable, and the other 9 days after admission due to the development of acute renal failure. Histological evaluation of the aortic valves, serology, and polymerase chain reaction confirmed Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii as the cause of the aortic endocarditis. New or unique information provided: In medium-to-large breed dogs presenting with fulminant pulmonary edema, aortic valvular endocarditis due to Bartonella spp. should be considered as a causal agent.",
keywords = "Acute renal failure, Aortic valvular insufficiency, Pulmonary artery catheterization, Pulmonary infiltrates, Transesophageal echocardiography",
author = "Smarick, {Sean D.} and Karl Jandrey and Chomel, {Bruno B} and Thomas, {William P.} and Janet Aldrich",
year = "2004",
month = "3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "42--51",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care",
issn = "1479-3261",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Aortic valvular endocarditis caused by Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii in 2 dogs presenting for fulminant pulmonary edema

AU - Smarick, Sean D.

AU - Jandrey, Karl

AU - Chomel, Bruno B

AU - Thomas, William P.

AU - Aldrich, Janet

PY - 2004/3

Y1 - 2004/3

N2 - Objective: To describe the clinical course of 2 dogs that presented with fulminant cardiogenic pulmonary edema due to aortic valvular endocarditis caused by Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii. Case series summary: Two dogs that were presented for respiratory distress had severe pulmonary infiltrates. Mechanical ventilation was required to support the dogs while the cause of the infiltrates was determined. The diagnosis of cardiogenic edema was made based on echocardiographic findings of aortic valve vegetation and severe aortic valvular regurgitation. Values obtained from pulmonary artery catheterization supported this diagnosis. Both dogs were euthanized, one within 24 hours of admission due to severe aortic regurgitation thought to be untreatable, and the other 9 days after admission due to the development of acute renal failure. Histological evaluation of the aortic valves, serology, and polymerase chain reaction confirmed Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii as the cause of the aortic endocarditis. New or unique information provided: In medium-to-large breed dogs presenting with fulminant pulmonary edema, aortic valvular endocarditis due to Bartonella spp. should be considered as a causal agent.

AB - Objective: To describe the clinical course of 2 dogs that presented with fulminant cardiogenic pulmonary edema due to aortic valvular endocarditis caused by Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii. Case series summary: Two dogs that were presented for respiratory distress had severe pulmonary infiltrates. Mechanical ventilation was required to support the dogs while the cause of the infiltrates was determined. The diagnosis of cardiogenic edema was made based on echocardiographic findings of aortic valve vegetation and severe aortic valvular regurgitation. Values obtained from pulmonary artery catheterization supported this diagnosis. Both dogs were euthanized, one within 24 hours of admission due to severe aortic regurgitation thought to be untreatable, and the other 9 days after admission due to the development of acute renal failure. Histological evaluation of the aortic valves, serology, and polymerase chain reaction confirmed Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii as the cause of the aortic endocarditis. New or unique information provided: In medium-to-large breed dogs presenting with fulminant pulmonary edema, aortic valvular endocarditis due to Bartonella spp. should be considered as a causal agent.

KW - Acute renal failure

KW - Aortic valvular insufficiency

KW - Pulmonary artery catheterization

KW - Pulmonary infiltrates

KW - Transesophageal echocardiography

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=13444274354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=13444274354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:13444274354

VL - 14

SP - 42

EP - 51

JO - Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care

JF - Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care

SN - 1479-3261

IS - 1

ER -