Antiviral treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus infection: Pharmacokinetics and side effects of interferon and adenine arabinoside alone and in combination

S. L. Sacks, G. H. Scullard, Richard B Pollard, P. B. Gregory, W. S. Robinson, T. C. Merigan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

In an uncontrolled trial, 29 patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection were treated with 93 courses of adenine arabinoside at doses ranging from 2.5 to 15 mg/kg per day. Most patients were treated concomitantly with human leukocyte interferon. Significant, but transient, neurotoxicity was seen with adenine arabinoside therapy in 44% of all courses. Manifestations of toxicity were mainly neurological and ranged from pain syndromes to tremors and, rarely, seizures. Suppression of numbers of lymphocytes was also noted. All effects were reversible with time. The extent of toxicity was dependent upon the dosage of adenine arabinoside. Treatment with interferon appeared to potentiate the occurrence of toxicity with adenine arabinoside. Arabinofuranosylhypoxanthine serum levels increased in a dose-dependent manner and tended to accumulate in interferon-treated hepatitis patients during a course of therapy. Elevated blood levels and drug accumulation were associated with toxicity in a significant fashion. Human leukocyte interferon was administered to 38 patients in 113 separate courses. Interferon side effects were rapidly reversible upon cessation of therapy. These included initial fever, myalgias, and hair loss as well as suppression of granulocytes, platelets, and lymphocytes in the blood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume21
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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