Antiviral efficacy of a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) fusion inhibitor in a bovine model of RSV infection

Robert Jordan, Matt Shao, Richard L. Mackman, Michel Perron, Tomas Cihlar, Sandy A. Lewis, Eugene J. Eisenberg, Anne Carey, Robert G. Strickley, Jason W. Chien, Mark L Anderson, Heather A. McEligot, Nicole E. Behrens, Laurel J Gershwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in infants. Effective treatment for RSV infection is a significant unmet medical need. While new RSV therapeutics are now in development, there are very few animal models that mimic the pathogenesis of human RSV, making it difficult to evaluate new disease interventions. Experimental infection of Holstein calves with bovine RSV (bRSV) causes a severe respiratory infection that is similar to human RSV infection, providing a relevant model for testing novel therapeutic agents. In this model, viral load is readily detected in nasal secretions by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and cumulative symptom scoring together with histopathology evaluations of infected tissue allow for the assessment of disease severity. The bovine RSV model was used to evaluate the antiviral activity of an RSV fusion inhibitor, GS1, which blocks virus entry by inhibiting the fusion of the viral envelope with the host cell membrane. The efficacy of GS1, a close structural analog of GS-5806 that is being developed to treat RSV infection in humans was evaluated in two randomized, blind, placebo-controlled studies in bRSV-infected calves. Intravenous administration of GS1 at 4 mg/kg of body weight/day for 7 days starting 24 h or 72 h postinoculation provided clear therapeutic benefit by reducing the viral load, disease symptom score, respiration rate, and lung pathology associated with bRSV infection. These data support the use of the bovine RSV model for evaluation of experimental therapeutics for treatment of RSV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4889-4900
Number of pages12
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume59
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Jordan, R., Shao, M., Mackman, R. L., Perron, M., Cihlar, T., Lewis, S. A., Eisenberg, E. J., Carey, A., Strickley, R. G., Chien, J. W., Anderson, M. L., McEligot, H. A., Behrens, N. E., & Gershwin, L. J. (2015). Antiviral efficacy of a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) fusion inhibitor in a bovine model of RSV infection. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 59(8), 4889-4900. https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00487-15