A chromogenic peptide substrate assay was used to determine serially plasma antithrombin III (AT III) activity in 4 groups of horses. Group I consisted of healthy, mature horses in which AT III activity was determined twice daily for 7 consecutive days. Groups 2 and 3 contained healthy horses in which AT III activity was monitored for 7 days after controlled, but varying, conditions of general anesthesia and surgery (median celiotomy). Group 4 was made up of patients with a presurgical diagnosis of colonic torsion. In healthy awake horses (group I), there was no difference in AT III values over time. Postoperative AT III activity in the halothane-anesthetized horses (group 2) and in the sham-operated horses (group 3) was not significantly (P = 0.05) different from base-line values at any time. A significant decrease (P = 0.05) in AT III activity was observed on postoperative days 1 through 3 in the group of horses with large colon torsion, but returned to preoperative values by day 4 after surgery in the horses that survived. In those horses that did not survive, AT III activity remained below base-line values for the duration of observation. Seemingly, plasma AT III activity in horses was not significantly affected by halothane anesthesia or surgery. Serial evaluation of AT III activity may be useful for predicting survival in horses with large colon torsion.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||American Journal of Veterinary Research|
|State||Published - Apr 1 1986|
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