Antipyrine and aminopyrine permeability of individually perfused frog capillaries.

F. E. Curry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanisms of transport of water and solutes across both hydrophilic and lipophilic pathways in the capillary wall were investigated. Paired measurements of the osmotic reflection and solute permeability coefficients of a lipid soluble solute (antipyrine MW 188 or aminopyrine 231) and a hydrophilic solute (glucose 180) were made on individually perfused capillaries of frog mesentery at temperatures between 5 and 25 degrees C. Below 15 degrees C, the lipophilic pathway accounts for less than 10% of the flux of antipyrine across the capillary wall, whereas at 25 degrees C the lipophilic pathway accounts of 50% of the flux. These results conform to the hypothesis that water and both hydrophilic and lipophilic solutes share an extracellular pathway, but water and lipids cross the cell by entirely separate routes. Both the activation energy for antipyrine and aminopyrine diffusion in the lipophilic pathway (25.9 kcal/mol) and the estimated cell membrane-water partition coefficients of the solutes are similar to values found for mammalian erythrocytes. Lateral diffusion in the cell membranes would account for the lipophilic pathway permeability just as well as diffusion across the cell membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe American journal of physiology
Volume240
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1981

Fingerprint

Antipyrine
Aminopyrine
Anura
Permeability
Water
Cell Membrane
Lipids
Mesentery
Erythrocytes
Glucose
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Antipyrine and aminopyrine permeability of individually perfused frog capillaries. / Curry, F. E.

In: The American journal of physiology, Vol. 240, No. 4, 04.1981.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4ade2d7142e64545bd330520db155f9c,
title = "Antipyrine and aminopyrine permeability of individually perfused frog capillaries.",
abstract = "The mechanisms of transport of water and solutes across both hydrophilic and lipophilic pathways in the capillary wall were investigated. Paired measurements of the osmotic reflection and solute permeability coefficients of a lipid soluble solute (antipyrine MW 188 or aminopyrine 231) and a hydrophilic solute (glucose 180) were made on individually perfused capillaries of frog mesentery at temperatures between 5 and 25 degrees C. Below 15 degrees C, the lipophilic pathway accounts for less than 10{\%} of the flux of antipyrine across the capillary wall, whereas at 25 degrees C the lipophilic pathway accounts of 50{\%} of the flux. These results conform to the hypothesis that water and both hydrophilic and lipophilic solutes share an extracellular pathway, but water and lipids cross the cell by entirely separate routes. Both the activation energy for antipyrine and aminopyrine diffusion in the lipophilic pathway (25.9 kcal/mol) and the estimated cell membrane-water partition coefficients of the solutes are similar to values found for mammalian erythrocytes. Lateral diffusion in the cell membranes would account for the lipophilic pathway permeability just as well as diffusion across the cell membranes.",
author = "Curry, {F. E.}",
year = "1981",
month = "4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "240",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology",
issn = "1931-857X",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antipyrine and aminopyrine permeability of individually perfused frog capillaries.

AU - Curry, F. E.

PY - 1981/4

Y1 - 1981/4

N2 - The mechanisms of transport of water and solutes across both hydrophilic and lipophilic pathways in the capillary wall were investigated. Paired measurements of the osmotic reflection and solute permeability coefficients of a lipid soluble solute (antipyrine MW 188 or aminopyrine 231) and a hydrophilic solute (glucose 180) were made on individually perfused capillaries of frog mesentery at temperatures between 5 and 25 degrees C. Below 15 degrees C, the lipophilic pathway accounts for less than 10% of the flux of antipyrine across the capillary wall, whereas at 25 degrees C the lipophilic pathway accounts of 50% of the flux. These results conform to the hypothesis that water and both hydrophilic and lipophilic solutes share an extracellular pathway, but water and lipids cross the cell by entirely separate routes. Both the activation energy for antipyrine and aminopyrine diffusion in the lipophilic pathway (25.9 kcal/mol) and the estimated cell membrane-water partition coefficients of the solutes are similar to values found for mammalian erythrocytes. Lateral diffusion in the cell membranes would account for the lipophilic pathway permeability just as well as diffusion across the cell membranes.

AB - The mechanisms of transport of water and solutes across both hydrophilic and lipophilic pathways in the capillary wall were investigated. Paired measurements of the osmotic reflection and solute permeability coefficients of a lipid soluble solute (antipyrine MW 188 or aminopyrine 231) and a hydrophilic solute (glucose 180) were made on individually perfused capillaries of frog mesentery at temperatures between 5 and 25 degrees C. Below 15 degrees C, the lipophilic pathway accounts for less than 10% of the flux of antipyrine across the capillary wall, whereas at 25 degrees C the lipophilic pathway accounts of 50% of the flux. These results conform to the hypothesis that water and both hydrophilic and lipophilic solutes share an extracellular pathway, but water and lipids cross the cell by entirely separate routes. Both the activation energy for antipyrine and aminopyrine diffusion in the lipophilic pathway (25.9 kcal/mol) and the estimated cell membrane-water partition coefficients of the solutes are similar to values found for mammalian erythrocytes. Lateral diffusion in the cell membranes would account for the lipophilic pathway permeability just as well as diffusion across the cell membranes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0019556902&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0019556902&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 6971580

AN - SCOPUS:0019556902

VL - 240

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

SN - 1931-857X

IS - 4

ER -