The anticonvulsant properties of fluzinamide (AHR-8559) were evaluated in the kindled amygdaloid seizure model in rats. Fluzinamide significantly attenuated afterdischarge durations and the severity of the accompanying convulsive responses in previously kindled rats at doses that did not cause sedation or ataxia. After acute intraperitoneal injections, the maximum anticonvulsant effectiveness against suprathreshold (400 μA) stimulation was seen at 30 min. Fluzinamide (10-80 mg/kg i.p.) was also evaluated in previously kindlet rats using threshold (20-μA increments) seizures. Low doses of fluzinamide significantly elevated seizure threshold and reduced both elicited afterdischarge durations and seizure severity. When administered daily during kindling acquisition, fluzinamide (20 and 40 mg/kg i.p.) significantly increased the number of trials necessary to complete kindling. The duration and the severity of the responses induced by stimulations during the acquisition period were reduced. Previous studies have shown that the anticonvulsant profile for fluzinamide, as determined by traditional electrical and clinical models of epilepsies, most closely resembled phenobarbital and valproic acid, and differed from phenytoin and ethosuximide. The current study is consistent with this profile, with fluzinamide - like phenobarbital and valproic acid - significantly modifying both acquisition of kindling and the fully kindled amygdaloid seizure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology