Allergic sensitization in asthma develops as a consequence of complex interactions between T cells and antigen-presenting cells. We have developed several in vivo models to study allergen-specific T cell and B cell function and their relevance to allergic airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), focusing on the role of the costimulatory molecules CD80 and CD86. Treatment of mice with anti-CD86, but not anti-CD80, significantly inhibited increased serum levels of ovalbumin (OA)-specific IgE and IgG1, airway eosinophilia, and AHR both after 10 d of OA aerosol exposure (in the absence of adjuvant) and after intraperitoneal sensitization followed by repeated airway challenges. Inhibition of AHR was associated with decreased IL-4 and IL-5 levels in the BAL fluid of sensitized mice, suggesting impaired Th2 function in anti-CD86- treated animals. This effect was not seen when mice received treatment only before allergen challenge, indicating that anti-CD86 acts through inhibition of allergic sensitization and not simply by inhibiting the influx of inflammatory cells. These data suggest that the CD86 costimulatory ligand plays a major role in the development of allergic inflammation and AHR in allergen-challenged mice. Further, this study demonstrates that T-B cell interactions during allergic sensitization are amenable to therapeutic manipulation and that selective blockade of accessory signals can be an effective means for modulating distinct T cell functions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine|
|Issue number||5 I|
|State||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine