Purpose: The anterior centre-edge angle (ACEA) describes anterior acetabular coverage on false profile radiographs. Variability associated with pelvic tilt, radiographic projection, and identifying the true anterior edge, causes discrepancies in measuring an accurate ACEA. Computed tomography (CT) has the potential of improving the accuracy of ACEA. However, because the ACEA on sagittal CT has been shown to not be equivalent to ACEA on false profile radiographs, the normal range of ACEA on CT currently remains unknown and cannot reliably be used to determine over/under coverage. We therefore asked: what is the normal variation of ACEA corrected for pelvic tilt on sagittal CT and how does this compare to dysplastic hips? Material and Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on patients 10–35 who underwent CT for non-orthopedic related issues and patients with known hip dysplasia. The ACEA was measured on a sagittal slice corresponding to the centre of the femoral head on the axial slice and adjusted for pelvic tilt. A statistical comparison was then performed. Results: A total of 320 normal patients and 22 patients with hip dysplasia were reviewed. The mean ACEA for all ages was 50° ± 8°, (range: 23–81º), with a larger mean ACEA for males (51°) than females (49°). The ACEA mean for dysplastic hips was 30° ± 11° with a statistically significant difference in mean from the normal hip group (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: The ACEA can be reliably measured on sagittal CT and significantly differs from dysplastic hips. ACEA measurements above 66° or below 34° may represent anterior over and under coverage.
- Anterior centre edge angle
- anterior hip coverage
- hip preservation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine