Anopheles culicifacies (Diptera: Culicidae): horizontal and vertical estimates of immature development and survivorship in rural Punjab province, Pakistan

William Reisen, K. Azra, F. Mahmood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of temperature on the development and survivorship of immature Anopheles culcifacies was observed under constant and cycling laboratory conditions. Temperatures between 28 and 30°C were optimal for rapid, synchronous development and for relatively high survival from 1st instar through emergence. Suboptimal temperatures lengthened the duration of the 1st instar. Stage-specific vertical life tables were constructed for immatures collected from 2 irrigation systems in rural Punjab Province, Pakistan, from April 1979 to May 1980. Mortality rates were greatest among 3rd- and 4th-instar larvae and pupae. Disproportionately fewer 1st-instar larvae and pupae were collected during periods of drying and intensive irrigation, respectively. Age distribution patterns were related to differential dispersion patterns, predation and parasitism, and cannibalism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-422
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Medical Entomology
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anopheles culicifacies
Anopheles
Pakistan
Culicidae
Diptera
Pupa
instars
Survival Rate
survival rate
immatures
Temperature
Larva
Cannibalism
pupae
Life Tables
Age Distribution
temperature
larvae
life tables
cannibalism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

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