Ontologie animique, ethnosciences et universalisme cognitif

Le regard ashéninka

Translated title of the contribution: Animistic ontology, ethnoscience and cognitive universalism: Asheninka perceptions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Far from being a universal of the human mind, classical botanical and zoological folk taxonomies, which are based on general morphology and organized in a tree diagram, might be nothing more than a simple contextual choice in lowland South America. In words and deeds, the Ucayali Asheninka (Arawak) do not give priority to such taxonomies over other groupings, which the traditional ethnosciences usually over-look or see as being of secondary importance. When analyzed, this attitude turns out to be fully coherent with their animistic ontology, which is a more fundamental value than a mere cosmological discourse. It not only permeates all of the everyday organization of living beings, but it also seems to shape habits of perception, which cannot be reduced to our own. This is so true that, under the hypothesis of the universality of a modular human mind, we must inquire into the possibility of culture reorienting certain cognitive modules.

Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)113-140
Number of pages28
JournalHomme
Issue number179
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes

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universalism
taxonomy
ontology
grouping
habits
organization
discourse
Values
Ontology
Human Mind
Universalism
Fundamental
Contextual
Module
Deeds
Taxonomy
Botany
Discourse
Universality
Living Beings

Keywords

  • Animistic ontology
  • Cognitive modules
  • Cognitive sciences
  • Ethnoscience
  • Universalism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology

Cite this

Ontologie animique, ethnosciences et universalisme cognitif : Le regard ashéninka. / Lenaerts, Marc E.

In: Homme, No. 179, 07.2006, p. 113-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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