Animals used in research and education, 1966-2016: Evolving attitudes, policies, and relationships

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5 Scopus citations


Since the inception of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC), the use of animals in research and education has been a central element of the programs of member institutions. As veterinary education and research programs have evolved over the past 50 years, so too have societal views and regulatory policies. AAVMC member institutions have continually responded to these events by exchanging best practices in training their students in the framework of comparative medicine and the needs of society. Animals provide students and faculty with the tools to learn the fundamental knowledge and skills of veterinary medicine and scientific discovery. The study of animal models has contributed extensively to medicine, veterinary medicine, and basic sciences as these disciplines seek to understand life processes. Changing societal views over the past 50 years have provided active examination and continued refinement of the use of animals in veterinary medical education and research. The future use of animals to educate and train veterinarians will likely continue to evolve as technological advances are applied to experimental design and educational systems. Natural animal models of both human and animal health will undoubtedly continue to serve a significant role in the education of veterinarians and in the development of new treatments of animal and human disease. As it looks to the future, the AAVMC as an organization will need to continue to support and promote best practices in the humane care and appropriate use of animals in both education and research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-440
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Education
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015


  • Animal models
  • Education
  • Policy
  • Regulation
  • Research
  • Society
  • Veterinary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)
  • Education


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