Les animaux réservoirs et victimes des Bartonella

Translated title of the contribution: Animal reservoirs and primary hosts of Bartonella

Par Henri Jean Boulouis, Geneviève Marignac, Nadia Haddad, Renaud Maillard, Bruno B Chomel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Bartonella are hemotropic bacteria that infect numerous wild and domestic mammals, and some are directly responsible for zoonotic infections. There are 27 currently known species or subspecies of Bartonella. Wild and domestic animals represent a large reservoir for Bartonellae, but man is the unique reservoir for two species. Reservoirs are characterized by a long-lasting bacteremia, sometimes with recurrences. Cats have long been considered as an asymptomatic reservoir of Bartonella, but direct and indirect (serological) evidence indicate that they too can be affected by Bartonella infection. Dogs are considered as accidental hosts for Bartonella, and clinical features in this species are very similar to those seen in man. The most frequent signs reported in dogs and man include endocarditis, ocular, neurologic, articular, renal, and even skin disorders, as well as systemic manifestations. Endocarditis has also been described in cattle. In reservoir species, the main vectors of Bartonella are hematophagous arthropods, such as cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis), ticks (genus Ixodes), or the louse-fly (Hippoboscidae). Blood culture, serology and PCR are used for the diagnosis of Bartonella infection in reservoir hosts. As no vaccines are available, prevention in carnivores relies mostly on appropriate tick and flea control. The outcome of the treatment of these infections remains uncertain and does not result in complete bacterial eradication.

Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)211-220
Number of pages10
JournalBulletin de l'Academie Veterinaire de France
Volume161
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Bartonella
Ctenocephalides
Bartonella Infections
Hippoboscidae
animals
Endocarditis
Ctenocephalides felis
endocarditis
Tick Control
Dogs
infection
Phthiraptera
Siphonaptera
Ixodes
Wild Animals
Arthropods
Domestic Animals
Zoonoses
Ticks
hematophagous arthropods

Keywords

  • Bartonella
  • Cat scratch disease
  • Reservoirs
  • Zoonosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Boulouis, P. H. J., Marignac, G., Haddad, N., Maillard, R., & Chomel, B. B. (2008). Les animaux réservoirs et victimes des Bartonella. Bulletin de l'Academie Veterinaire de France, 161(3), 211-220.

Les animaux réservoirs et victimes des Bartonella. / Boulouis, Par Henri Jean; Marignac, Geneviève; Haddad, Nadia; Maillard, Renaud; Chomel, Bruno B.

In: Bulletin de l'Academie Veterinaire de France, Vol. 161, No. 3, 2008, p. 211-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Boulouis, PHJ, Marignac, G, Haddad, N, Maillard, R & Chomel, BB 2008, 'Les animaux réservoirs et victimes des Bartonella', Bulletin de l'Academie Veterinaire de France, vol. 161, no. 3, pp. 211-220.
Boulouis PHJ, Marignac G, Haddad N, Maillard R, Chomel BB. Les animaux réservoirs et victimes des Bartonella. Bulletin de l'Academie Veterinaire de France. 2008;161(3):211-220.
Boulouis, Par Henri Jean ; Marignac, Geneviève ; Haddad, Nadia ; Maillard, Renaud ; Chomel, Bruno B. / Les animaux réservoirs et victimes des Bartonella. In: Bulletin de l'Academie Veterinaire de France. 2008 ; Vol. 161, No. 3. pp. 211-220.
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