Although angioscopy is considered by many vascular surgeons to be a valuable clinical tool, others view it as expensive and unnecessary. To better define the appropriate role for angioscopy in vascular surgery, a critical review of the recent literature was undertaken. Angioscopy allows more complete valvulotomies with fewer endothelial injuries when preparing autogenous veins to be used as arterial conduits, and results in more complete thromboembolectomy of native arteries and grafts. Angioscopy can replace completion arteriography in infrainguinal arterial reconstructions with an equivalent clinical outcome. Angioscopy may be useful in the assessment of carotid endarterectomy, femoral vein valve repair, and pulmonary embolectomy. It has been useful in various research applications. The rate of complications is less than 1%. Angioscopy is of benefit in preparing veins to be used as arterial conduits and in performing thromboembolectomy. In some circumstances it can replace intraoperative arteriography. Other applications await further validation. The risks of angioscopy are acceptably low.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine