Angiogenic Growth Factor and Revascularization of the Ischemic Limb: Evaluation in a Rabbit Model

Lee Li-Qun Pu, Allan D. Sniderman, Zaid Arekat, Alan M. Graham, Roland Brassard, James F. Symes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


We have previously shown that administration of endothelial cell growth factor (ECGF) significantly accelerates revascularization in the ischemic rabbit hindlimb model. Nevertheless, much remains to be learned as to the effectiveness and limitations of this approach. The present study was designed, therefore, to determine whether a dose-response relationship could be demonstrated for this agent, whether it was effective if systemically administered, and finally, whether it affected vascularization in a nonischemic limb. Our established unilateral ischemic rabbit hindlimb model and ECGF administration protocol were used to examine these questions. Three groups of animals were studied to determine a dose-response relationship of ECGF in the ischemic limb. Revascularization was assessed by measurement of calf blood left to right (L/R) pressure ratio before (Day 0) and after ECGF injections (Days 1, 10, and 20) and quantitative vascularization was assessed by angiography at Day 20 when the study was terminated. Two other groups of animals were also studied. In Group 4, intramuscular ECGF was injected in the left front limb remote from the ischemic hindlimb and in Group 5 it was injected into the left hindlimb of a normal animal. In neither group was any significant effect on vascularization evident. Thus, our data suggest that the relationship of ECGF and revascularization of the ischemic limb is dose dependent and is demonstrable only when it is administered directly into the limb in the presence of ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-583
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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