Anesthetic Concerns of External Maxillary Distraction Osteogenesis

Granger Wong, Charles Nargozian, Bonnie L. Padwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


External maxillary distractions present additional anesthetic concerns to the existing complexity of the patient with craniofacial disorder. The distraction hardware is rigidly fixed to the cranium and projects in the frontofacial midline, thus limiting oronasal airway access.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-81
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Distraction osteogenesis
  • Intubation
  • Lefort osteotomy
  • Maxilla

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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