This article reviews the ancillary tests that are available to evaluate disease and function of the gastrointestinal system. Procedures and tests such as abdominocentesis and peritoneal fluid cytology; rumen fluid analysis; abomasal pH and pepsinogen; upper digestive tract endoscopy; ultrasonography and radiology; hematologic and biochemical assessments; cytology, culture, and histopathology of aspirates; serology, liver function tests and biopsy; exploratory laparotomy; fecal examination; and microbiology are described.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||30|
|Journal||The Veterinary clinics of North America. Food animal practice|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Animals