Anatomy of herpes simplex virus DNA. XII. Accumulation of head-to-tail concatemers in nuclei of infected cells and their role in the generation of the four isometric arrangements of viral DNA

R. J. Jacob, Lawrence S Morse, B. Roizman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous reports have shown that herpes simplex virus DNA extracted from virions accumulating in the cytoplasm of infected cells consists of four populations of linear molecules differing in the orientation of the covalently linked large (L) and small (S) components relative to each other. Together, these four isomeric arrangements of viral DNA display four different termini and four different L-S component junctions. In the studies reported in this paper, the authors analyzed with restriction endonucleases the newly replicated viral DNA shortly after the onset of viral DNA synthesis, the progeny DNA accumulating in the nuclei late in infection, and rapidly sedimenting DNA present in nuclei of infected cells at 8 h after infection. In each instance the nuclear viral DNA contained a decreased concentration of all four terminal fragments and an increase in the concentration of fragments spanning the junction of L and S components relative to the concentration of other DNA fragments. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that the viral DNA accumulating in the nuclei consists of head-to-tail concatemers arising from the replication of DNA by a rolling-circle mechanism. A model is presented for generation of all four isomeric arrangements of herpes simplex virus DNA from one arrangement based on excision and repair of unit length DNA from head-to-tail concatemers and known features of the sequence arrangement of viral DNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)448-457
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume29
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1979
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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