Anaphylactic events observed within 4 h of ocular application of an antibiotic-containing ophthalmic preparation: 61 cats (1993-2010)

Karen M. Hume-Smith, Allyson D. Groth, Mark Rishniw, Linda A. Walter-Grimm, Signe J. Plunkett, David J Maggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study describes signalment, history, antibiotic administered, clinical signs observed, therapy, and outcome of anaphylactic events within 4 h following ophthalmic administration of an antibiotic to cats. Data came from survey responses (45 cats) or Federal Drug Administration reports (16 cats). Cat age (7 weeks-19 years), breed, and gender ranged widely. Most were healthy (87%) prior to anaphylaxis. Ophthalmic antibiotics commonly were administered for conjunctival (65%) or corneal (11%) disease, or ocular lubrication (7%) and contained bacitracin, neomycin, and polymyxin B (44%), or oxytetracycline and polymyxin B (21%). Polymyxin B was present in all cases. Vaccines or other drugs were also administered to 51% of cats. In 56% cases, anaphylaxis occurred within 10 min of drug application. Most (82%) cats survived. Although a causal association was not proved, ophthalmic antibiotic administration preceded anaphylaxis in all cats. Like other drugs, ophthalmic antibiotics should be used only when indicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)744-751
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals

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