We used a two-dimensional Southern blotting procedure to analyze the tissue-specific methylation patterns of the five endogenous mouse mammary viruses in the GR/A mouse strain. Our findings suggest that in certain tissues (brain, kidney, and liver) all proviruses are extensively methylated. In other tissues (spleen, placenta, and testes) all proviruses are hypomethylated to some degree. In these tissues individual proviruses display both quantitative and qualitative differences in methylation. We interpret the general patterns of tissue-specific hypomethylation in terms of a 'hitch-hiker' model: mouse mammary tumor virus proviral methylation patterns reflect the tissue-specific activity of neighboring sequences. The observation that certain sites on particular proviruses are differentially methylated in a tissue-specific fashion may reflect tissue-specific differences in the makeup or conformation, or both, of proviral-containing chromatin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Virology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science