Analysis of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea among patients hospitalized in tertiary care academic hospital

Gayane Martirosian, Adam Szczȩsny, Stuart H Cohen, Joseph Silva

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Abstract

The frequency of Clostridium difficile strains in stool samples of patients with diarrhea hospitalized in the hematology/oncology, surgery, orthopedics, transplantology ward, and emergency room of Davis Medical Center was analyzed. A total of 786 stool samples collected from patients with diarrhea and 180 samples taken from the hospital environment were cultured for C. difficile by routine methods. There were 119 strains of C. difficile isolated: 97 (12.3%) strains from patients' stools (no enteropathogen other than C. difficile was detected in these stool samples) and 22 (12.2%) strains from the hospital environment. It was confirmed that hospital environment plays an important role in transmission of C. difficile by AP-PCR and PCR ribotyping. Among 97 C. difficile strains isolated from patient' stools 25 were nontoxigenic (A-/B-), 67 were toxigenic (A+/B+), and 5 strains were toxin B-positive/toxin A-negative. Analysis of concomitant symptoms among hospitalized patients with diarrhea demonstrated significantly longer duration of diarrhea caused by nontoxigenic strains than in cases of diarrhea caused by toxigenic strains. On the other hand, among patients infected by toxigenic strains, significantly higher leukocytosis and longer duration of fever were observed. The resistance of isolated C. difficile strains to erythromycin and clindamycin indicated the possibility of transmission in the hospital strains with macrolide-lincosamide- streptogramin B resistance type.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-155
Number of pages3
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005

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Keywords

  • Clostridium difficile
  • Diarrhea
  • Toxins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Virology
  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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