Analgesic effects of butorphanol and buprenorphine in conscious African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus and Psittacus erithacus timneh)

Joanne R Paul-Murphy, David B. Brunson, Vjekoslav Miletic

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Abstract

Objective - To evaluate effects of butorphanol tartrate and buprenorphine hydrochloride on withdrawal threshold to a noxious stimulus in conscious African grey parrots. Animals - 29 African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus and Psittacus erithacus timneh). Procedure - Birds were fitted with an electrode on the medial metatarsal region of the right leg, placed into a test box, and allowed to acclimate. An electrical stimulus (range, 0.0 to 1.46 mA) was delivered to each bird's foot through an aluminum perch. A withdrawal response was recorded when the bird lifted its foot from the perch or vigorously flinched its wings. Baseline threshold to a noxious electrical stimulus was determined. Birds then were randomly assigned to receive an IM injection of saline (0.9% NaCl) solution, butorphanol (1.0 mg/kg of body weight), or buprenorphine (0.1 mg/kg), and threshold values were determined again. Results - Butorphanol significantly increased threshold value, but saline solution or buprenorphine did not significantly change threshold values. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Butorphanol had an analgesic effect, significantly increasing the threshold to electrical stimuli in African grey parrots. Buprenorphine at the dosage used did not change the threshold to electrical stimulus. Butorphanol provided an analgesic response in half of the birds tested. Butorphanol would be expected to provide analgesia to African grey parrots in a clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1218-1221
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume60
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Butorphanol
Parrots
buprenorphine
butorphanol
Buprenorphine
analgesic effect
Analgesics
Birds
birds
Perches
perch
sodium chloride
Foot
Metatarsal Bones
analgesics
analgesia
Aluminum
Sodium Chloride
Analgesia
electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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Analgesic effects of butorphanol and buprenorphine in conscious African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus and Psittacus erithacus timneh). / Paul-Murphy, Joanne R; Brunson, David B.; Miletic, Vjekoslav.

In: American Journal of Veterinary Research, Vol. 60, No. 10, 10.1999, p. 1218-1221.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective - To evaluate effects of butorphanol tartrate and buprenorphine hydrochloride on withdrawal threshold to a noxious stimulus in conscious African grey parrots. Animals - 29 African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus and Psittacus erithacus timneh). Procedure - Birds were fitted with an electrode on the medial metatarsal region of the right leg, placed into a test box, and allowed to acclimate. An electrical stimulus (range, 0.0 to 1.46 mA) was delivered to each bird's foot through an aluminum perch. A withdrawal response was recorded when the bird lifted its foot from the perch or vigorously flinched its wings. Baseline threshold to a noxious electrical stimulus was determined. Birds then were randomly assigned to receive an IM injection of saline (0.9{\%} NaCl) solution, butorphanol (1.0 mg/kg of body weight), or buprenorphine (0.1 mg/kg), and threshold values were determined again. Results - Butorphanol significantly increased threshold value, but saline solution or buprenorphine did not significantly change threshold values. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Butorphanol had an analgesic effect, significantly increasing the threshold to electrical stimuli in African grey parrots. Buprenorphine at the dosage used did not change the threshold to electrical stimulus. Butorphanol provided an analgesic response in half of the birds tested. Butorphanol would be expected to provide analgesia to African grey parrots in a clinical setting.",
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