An outbreak of enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium perfringens type D in goats in Patagonia

Francisco A Uzal, M. I. Pasini, F. V. Olaechea, C. A. Robles, A. Elizondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forty-four of a flock of 117 angora goats in the Rio Negro province of Argentina died within four days. Most of the animals died shortly after the onset of clinical signs, but in a few the clinical course lasted for several days. Post mortem the small and large intestines were filled with watery contents, blood and fibrin clots, and there were numerous ulcers on the mucosa. Small areas of malacia were observed histologically in the brain. Clostridium perfringens type D in pure culture was isolated from the kidneys and gut contents of the affected animals. Epsilon toxin was identified by the mouse sero-neutralisation test in the supernatant solution from cultures of these isolates and in the intestinal contents of the affected animals. Heavy infestations with coccidia, nutritional and environmental stress, and an anthelmintic overdose were possible predisposing factors for the outbreak.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-280
Number of pages2
JournalVeterinary Record
Volume135
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Enterotoxemia
Clostridium perfringens D
enterotoxemia
Clostridium perfringens
Goats
Disease Outbreaks
Argentina
goats
Coccidia
Angora (goat breed)
Neutralization Tests
overdose
animals
Gastrointestinal Contents
Anthelmintics
fibrin
Large Intestine
neutralization tests
large intestine
Fibrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Uzal, F. A., Pasini, M. I., Olaechea, F. V., Robles, C. A., & Elizondo, A. (1994). An outbreak of enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium perfringens type D in goats in Patagonia. Veterinary Record, 135(12), 279-280.

An outbreak of enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium perfringens type D in goats in Patagonia. / Uzal, Francisco A; Pasini, M. I.; Olaechea, F. V.; Robles, C. A.; Elizondo, A.

In: Veterinary Record, Vol. 135, No. 12, 1994, p. 279-280.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Uzal, FA, Pasini, MI, Olaechea, FV, Robles, CA & Elizondo, A 1994, 'An outbreak of enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium perfringens type D in goats in Patagonia', Veterinary Record, vol. 135, no. 12, pp. 279-280.
Uzal, Francisco A ; Pasini, M. I. ; Olaechea, F. V. ; Robles, C. A. ; Elizondo, A. / An outbreak of enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium perfringens type D in goats in Patagonia. In: Veterinary Record. 1994 ; Vol. 135, No. 12. pp. 279-280.
@article{2282792de17943baaaa3391e228fbf2e,
title = "An outbreak of enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium perfringens type D in goats in Patagonia",
abstract = "Forty-four of a flock of 117 angora goats in the Rio Negro province of Argentina died within four days. Most of the animals died shortly after the onset of clinical signs, but in a few the clinical course lasted for several days. Post mortem the small and large intestines were filled with watery contents, blood and fibrin clots, and there were numerous ulcers on the mucosa. Small areas of malacia were observed histologically in the brain. Clostridium perfringens type D in pure culture was isolated from the kidneys and gut contents of the affected animals. Epsilon toxin was identified by the mouse sero-neutralisation test in the supernatant solution from cultures of these isolates and in the intestinal contents of the affected animals. Heavy infestations with coccidia, nutritional and environmental stress, and an anthelmintic overdose were possible predisposing factors for the outbreak.",
author = "Uzal, {Francisco A} and Pasini, {M. I.} and Olaechea, {F. V.} and Robles, {C. A.} and A. Elizondo",
year = "1994",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "135",
pages = "279--280",
journal = "Veterinary Record",
issn = "0042-4900",
publisher = "British Veterinary Association",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An outbreak of enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium perfringens type D in goats in Patagonia

AU - Uzal, Francisco A

AU - Pasini, M. I.

AU - Olaechea, F. V.

AU - Robles, C. A.

AU - Elizondo, A.

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - Forty-four of a flock of 117 angora goats in the Rio Negro province of Argentina died within four days. Most of the animals died shortly after the onset of clinical signs, but in a few the clinical course lasted for several days. Post mortem the small and large intestines were filled with watery contents, blood and fibrin clots, and there were numerous ulcers on the mucosa. Small areas of malacia were observed histologically in the brain. Clostridium perfringens type D in pure culture was isolated from the kidneys and gut contents of the affected animals. Epsilon toxin was identified by the mouse sero-neutralisation test in the supernatant solution from cultures of these isolates and in the intestinal contents of the affected animals. Heavy infestations with coccidia, nutritional and environmental stress, and an anthelmintic overdose were possible predisposing factors for the outbreak.

AB - Forty-four of a flock of 117 angora goats in the Rio Negro province of Argentina died within four days. Most of the animals died shortly after the onset of clinical signs, but in a few the clinical course lasted for several days. Post mortem the small and large intestines were filled with watery contents, blood and fibrin clots, and there were numerous ulcers on the mucosa. Small areas of malacia were observed histologically in the brain. Clostridium perfringens type D in pure culture was isolated from the kidneys and gut contents of the affected animals. Epsilon toxin was identified by the mouse sero-neutralisation test in the supernatant solution from cultures of these isolates and in the intestinal contents of the affected animals. Heavy infestations with coccidia, nutritional and environmental stress, and an anthelmintic overdose were possible predisposing factors for the outbreak.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027982385&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027982385&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 7817506

AN - SCOPUS:0027982385

VL - 135

SP - 279

EP - 280

JO - Veterinary Record

JF - Veterinary Record

SN - 0042-4900

IS - 12

ER -