Fibronectin and laminin are two extracellular glycoproteins which are involved in various processes of cellular development and differentiation. The present investigation describes changes in their distribution during regeneration of the newt forelimb, as determined by indirect immunofluorescence. The distribution of fibronectin and laminin was similar in normal limb tissue components. These glycoproteins were localized in the pericellular region of the myofibers corresponding to its basement membrane; the perineurium and endoneurium of the nerves; and the basement membranes of blood vessels, skin epithelium, and dermal glands. The cytoplasm of myofibers, axons, skin epithelium, and bone matrix lacked fluorescence for both glycoproteins. After limb amputation in the regenerating blastema, extensive presence of fibronectin, but not laminin, was seen in and around the undifferentiated blastemal cells. Increased fluorescence for fibronectin was also seen during blastema growth, blastemal cell aggregation, and early stages of redifferentiation. As redifferentiation continued, staining for fibronectin slowly disappeared from the cartilage matrix and the myoblast fusion zone. Laminin was first observed around the regenerated myotubes; this was followed by the appearance of fibronectin suggesting a sequential formation of these two components of the new myotube basement membrane. In the regenerated limb, the distribution of laminin and fibronectin was similar to that seen in normal limb. Based on the distribution pattern of these glycoproteins, it is concluded that fibronectin may play an important role in blastemal cell aggregation, cell alignment, and initiation of redifferentiation. After redifferentiation, both laminin and fibronectin may be important in the determination of the architecture of the regenerated limb.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology