An epizootic of adenovirus-induced hemorrhagic disease in captive black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus)

Walter M Boyce, Leslie Woods, Michael K Keel, Nigel J Maclachlan, Charles O. Porter, Howard D. Lehmkuhl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Ten fawns and four adult black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus) in a captive herd died as a result of adenovirus-induced hemorrhagic disease. Acute, systemic infections were characterized by hemorrhagic enteropathy, pulmonary edema, and occasional ulceration of the upper alimentary tract. Localized infections were limited to the upper alimentary tract and included stomatitis, pharyngitis, mandibular osteomyelitis, and rumenitis. In deer with acute, systemic infections, a diagnosis was made by histopathology and immunohistochemistry. The serum neutralization test was useful for confirming a diagnosis in animals with prolonged, localized infections. Deer originating from herds with a history of adenovirus infection should not be transferred to other captive herds or released into free-ranging populations because they may serve as carriers of adenovirus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-373
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000


  • Adenovirus
  • Black-tailed deer
  • Odocoileus hemionus
  • Pathology
  • Serology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • veterinary(all)


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