An Eph receptor regulates integrin activity through R-Ras

June X Zou, Bingcheng Wang, Matthew S. Kalo, Andreas H. Zisch, Elena B. Pasquale, Erkki Ruoslahti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

167 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability of integrins to mediate cell attachment to extracellular matrices and to blood proteins is regulated from inside the cell. Increased ligand-binding activity of integrins is critical for platelet aggregation upon blood clotting and for leukocyte extravasation to inflamed tissues. Decreased adhesion is thought to promote tumor cell invasion. R-Ras, a small intracellular GTPase, regulates the binding of integrins to their ligands outside the cell. Here we show that the Eph receptor tyrosine kinase, EphB2, can control integrin activity through R-Ras. Cells in which EphB2 is activated become poorly adherent to substrates coated with integrin ligands, and a tyrosine residue in the R-Ras effector domain is phosphorylated. The R- Ras phosphorylation and loss of cell adhesion are causally related, because forced expression of an R-Ras variant resistant to phosphorylation at the critical site made cells unresponsive to the anti-adhesive effect of EphB2. This is an unusual regulatory pathway among the small GTPases. Reduced adhesiveness induced through the Eph/R-Ras pathway may explain the repulsive effect of the Eph receptors in axonal pathfinding and may facilitate tumor cell invasion and angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13813-13818
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume96
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 23 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

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