An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of bovine antibodies to vesicular stomatitis virus.

T. Workman, D. Shen, L. Woodard, Tilahun Yilma

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An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to detect bovine antibody to vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). Serum samples from cows experimentally infected with the New Jersey serotype of VSV (VSV-NJ) were assayed by the ELISA and serum-neutralization (SN) assay. The ELISA was as sensitive as the SN assay in detecting bovine antibody to VSV. The correlation between SN titers and ELISA values at absorbance at 405 nm was statistically significant. The ELISA was not specific for VSV-NJ, however, and could detect serum samples positive to the Indiana serotype of VSV that had SN titers of greater than or equal to 480. Nonspecific reactions were due to cross-reactive group-specific viral proteins that are shared by both serotypes. The cross-reactivity allows the use of a single rapid test in identifying both serotypes of VSV from the other exotic vesicular diseases, especially foot-and-mouth disease. The ELISA titers of serum samples positive for VSV-NJ were comparable with the corresponding SN titers of each sample. The sensitivity, rapidity, and ease of the ELISA system and the use of a single test in identifying both serotypes of VSV from the other exotic vesicular diseases make this ELISA suitable as a rapid diagnostic assay for VS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1507-1512
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1986
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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