It is shown that the averaged chemical shift (ACS) of a particular nucleus in the protein backbone empirically correlates well to its secondary structure content (SSC). Chemical shift values of more than 200 proteins obtained from the Biological Magnetic Resonance Bank are used to calculate ACS values, and the SSC is estimated from the corresponding three-dimensional coordinates obtained from the Protein Data Bank. ACS values of 1Hα show the highest correlation to helical and sheet structure content (correlation coefficient of 0.80 and 0.75, respectively); 1HN exhibits less reliability (0.65 for both sheet and helix), whereas such correlations are poor for the heteronuclei. SSC estimated using this correlation shows a good agreement with the conventional chemical shift index-based approach for a set of proteins that only have chemical shift information but no NMR or x-ray determined three-dimensional structure. These results suggest that even chemical shifts averaged over the entire protein retain significant information about the secondary structure. Thus, the correlation between ACS and SSC can be used to estimate secondary structure content and to monitor large-scale secondary structural changes in protein, as in folding studies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Issue number||2 I|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2003|
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