Increased resistance to apoptosis promotes lymphomagenesis with aberrant expression of cell survival proteins such as BCL-2 and c-MYC occurring in distinct lymphoma subtypes. Galectin-3 is an anti-apoptotic protein that protects T cells, macrophages, and breast carcinoma cells from death triggered by a variety of agents. We have found high levels of galectin-3 protein expression in a subset of B-cell neoplasms including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DL-BCL), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), and multiple myeloma (MM), in both cell lines and patient samples. However, we failed to detect galectin-3 in Burkitt lymphoma (BL), follicular lymphoma (FL), marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), MALT lymphoma or B-small lymphocytic lymphoma (B-SLL) cell lines or patient samples. To determine whether galectin-3 expression protects B cells from apoptosis, galectin-3-negative BL cells were transfected with a galectin-3 expressing plasmid, which resulted in markedly increased resistance to anti-Fas-induced cell death. In contrast, galectin-3-positive PEL cells transfected with an amino-terminal truncated galectin-3 vector showed increased sensitivity to anti-Fas induced apoptosis. During normal B-cell development, galectin-3 expression was lowest in germinal center and plasma B cells, from which DLBCL, PEL, and MM derive, and highest in long-lived naïve and memory B cells. This pattern of expression suggests that aberrantly increased galectin-3 levels in specific B-cell populations may yield a protective advantage during transformation and/or progression of certain B-cell neoplasms.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||American Journal of Pathology|
|State||Published - Mar 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine