An AgNP-deposited commercial electrochemistry test strip as a platform for urea detection

Juanjuan Liu, Roozbeh Siavash Moakhar, Ayyappasamy Sudalaiyadum Perumal, Horia Nicolae Roman, Sara Mahshid, Sebastian Wachsmann-Hogiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


We developed an inexpensive, portable platform for urea detection via electrochemistry by depositing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on a commercial glucose test strip. We modified this strip by first removing the enzymes from the surface, followed by electrodeposition of AgNPs on one channel (working electrode). The morphology of the modified test strip was characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and its electrochemical performance was evaluated via Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). We evaluated the performance of the device for urea detection via measurements of the dependency of peak currents vs the analyte concentration and from the relationship between the peak current and the square root of the scan rates. The observed linear range is 1–8 mM (corresponding to the physiological range of urea concentration in human blood), and the limit of detection (LOD) is 0.14 mM. The selectivity, reproducibility, reusability, and storage stability of the modified test strips are also reported. Additional tests were performed to validate the ability to measure urea in the presence of confounding factors such as spiked plasma and milk. The results demonstrate the potential of this simple and portable EC platform to be used in applications such as medical diagnosis and food safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9527
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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